Historical monuments in India, from the ancient temples of South India to the best monuments built by the Mughals, we have compiled a list of the most emblematic historical buildings of India. Its impressive architecture and rich histories are a tribute to the deep and complex heritage of India.
Here are the list of most famous historical monuments of India are:
- Nalanda, Bihar
Now in ruins, Nalanda used to be a thriving center of learning since the seventh century BC. CC to 1200 CE that attracts students and scholars from all over the subcontinent and from places as far away as Tibet, China, Korea and Central Asia. Although the ruins occupy an area of approximately 12 hectares, the university once occupied a larger area and consisted of meditation rooms, classrooms, temples and student residences for more than 10,000 students and 2,000 teachers.
- Vittala temple complex, Karnataka
The historic temple city of Hampi was one of the richest and largest cities in the world. Today, it is recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO and a key attraction for tourists visiting India. Located within the ruins of Vijayanagara (city of victory), which used to be the capital of the historic Vijayanagara Empire (1336-1646 BC). Of the many complexes of buildings that form the ruins, the Temple of Vittala is particularly known. With an iconic stone car, famous musical pillars and an impressive sculpture, the temple is a wonder that everyone should try to see at least once.
- Temple of the Sun of Konark, Orissa
The Temple of the Sun in Konark, Orissa, has been repeatedly named as one of the seven wonders of India by various media. Built in 1255 CE, the iconic temple is built in the shape of a giant chariot adorned with twelve pairs of carved stone wheels pulled by a set of seven horses. The temple is also structured in such a way that the first rays of dawn hit its main entrance.
- Tawang Monastery, Arunachal Pradesh
The largest monastery in India and the second largest in the world, the Tawang Monastery in the state of Arunachal Pradesh, was built in 1680-1681 according to the wishes of the 5th Dalai Lama. Located at an elevation of approximately 10,000 feet, with an extraordinary view of the Tawang River valley and nearby mountains, the majestic three-story building features striking and colorful details, as well as an 18-foot tall Buddha image. The monastery also has an impressive library with several rare ancient writings.
- Hawa Mahal, Rajasthan
Hawa Mahal is one of the key attractions of Jaipur in the state of Rajasthan, designed so that the women of the royal family can observe street life and festivals without having to actually go out to the Street. Built in red and pink sandstone and with a facade rich in intricate details, the 18th century building is particularly striking and should not be missed by those visiting Rajasthan.
- Makkah Masjid, Telengana
One of the oldest mosques in the country, Makkah Masjid in Hyderabad, was built by the 16th century ruler Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah. The central arch of the mosque was built with bricks made of earth brought from Mecca, the most sacred city of Islam, and thus the mosque received its name. The construction of the building took the labor of more than 8,000 workers. And although Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah had laid the first stone, it was the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb who completed his construction when he invaded Hyderabad.
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